During the War Between the States, growth was brought virtually to a standstill, and one battle, referred to as "The Affair at Madison Station," was fought on local soil. The battle took place on May 17, 1864, when the federal soldiers took over the railroad, which was on a direct route for men and supplies to be shipped to Georgia.
According to records kept by the Union soldiers, the Confederates had killed 18 and wounded 55, and the Union had killed one, wounded three, and taken 66 prisoners.
At the end of the war, Madison began to flourish once again. New businesses opened in 1869. James Bibb and others filed a petition with the County Probate Judge to incorporate. At that time, the word "Station" was dropped and the town became Madison.